Obesity in children is a sign of an imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure. Excessive consumption of foods, especially those that contain lots of calories but do not offset by enough physical activity, will make the body store excess unused energy into fat deposits.
A 4-year-old child, who suffered from obesity, likely to be obese as adults. High-calorie foods which became the source of unhealthy fats, is a children’s favorite foods, like fried foods, soft drinks, pizza, burgers, potato chips, and ice cream.
This will increase the risk of childhood obesity. Excess fat in children would be difficult to remove except by setting an appropriate diet and adequate physical activity. Obesity can also be caused due to metabolic disorders, such as the hypothalamus.
These disorders cause sufferers, overeating. Heredity/genetics could also be a factor causing obesity. If one parent is obese, increasing the chances of children are overweight by 40%.
And if both parents are obese, the chance becomes 80%Children who are overweight tend to feel inferior, because they feel a body that is not ideal. This can cause the child to experience stress and depression due to various problems that arise from herself and the possibility of discrimination from the environment.
A variety of health problems that arise as a result of obesity, such as, often feel out of breath, the body feels heavy, too hot, feel the pain in the waist, hips, thighs, and knees.
Obesity will also lead to more serious problems such as degenerative diseases, such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes.
How to overcome obesity in children?
Obesity can be overcome by losing weight; surely, this can not be done in a short time due to fat deposits that stick in the body tissue, which occurs in a long time. Losing weight can be done with diet.
A proper diet that is accompanied by changing children’s behavior, such as disciplining children in the habit of eating foods that are not nutritionally balanced and abstinence consume high-calorie foods.
Another effective way is to replace 1-2 meals with low-calorie meal replacement but enriched with a vitamin/mineral and protein content. Keep in mind, the support from the surrounding environment is needed by the child in order to lose weight.
Try not to put food in a place that easily visible and accessible to children, and strengthen the child’s desire to lose weight.